Diabetic Foot

Diabetic Foot Treatment
Diabetic Foot Treatment

We, the Hyderabad Vascular Center, are serving the high quality diabetic foot treatment in Telangana as we are equipped with every kind of required expertise and technology.


A break in the continuity and integrity of the skin is all that an ulcer or sore is. Usually, a minor lesion or damage to the foot or calf that causes breaking is to blame. If there is any underlying disease, the skin cannot heal properly, that is, in less than two weeks. As a result, the wound will enlarge and eventually develop into a chronic or non-healing ulcer.

The two groups most frequently impacted by ailments like foot ulcers are women and the elderly. If left untreated, it might result in physical impairment and perhaps limb amputation.

What CAUSES Foot Ulcer?

Venous ulcers (due to venous stasis) – Over 70% of all leg ulcers are venous ulcers. Every time you use your calf muscles, blood from the foot reaches the heart via veins. There are one-way valves in these veins to ensure blood goes up from the leg and does not come back. Some people lose these valve’s efficiency due to thrombosis (clots) in the veins. So, blood which is meant to reach the heart returns to the leg and raises veinous pressure resulting in stretching and leaking of fluid into capillaries. Consequently, swelling, skin damage and ulcers develop. This condition is called chronic venous insufficiency.

Arterial or Ischaemic ulcers (due to poor circulation) – Around 10-15% of leg ulcers are Arterial or Ischaemic ulcers. The arteries in the legs are meant to bring oxygenated blood to the foot. In case, arteries get blocked or get narrowed down due to certain reasons like atherosclerosis caused by smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, then the circulation in the leg gets compromised. Therefore, the skin becomes vulnerable to ulcers of non-healing nature.

Neuropathic or Neurotrophic ulcers (common in diabetics): Around 15% of all diabetics develop foot ulcers in their lifetime. One’s sole of the foot or the toes may get affected. Patients with diabetes are more likely to develop non-healing ulcers due to diabetic neuropathy and peripheral occlusive artery disease. Depending upon the underlying cause, foot ulcers in diabetics can be neuropathic, neuro-ischaemic or purely ischaemic (arterial). These ulcers are worsened by smoking, fluctuating blood sugar, malnutrition, poor foot care, etc.

Pressure ulcers: These are caused by continuous long-term pressure on some points on the skin like heel, achilles tendon). It usually affects bed-ridden patients or individuals with compromised mobility.

Rare types of ulcers: Around 5% of all leg ulcers occur due to rare causes like angiitis, cryoglobulinemia, some congenital blood disorders, drug-induced ulcers, gangrenosum pyoderma, osteomyelitis, skin malignancy, etc.

Mixed (or multifactorial) ulcers: These ulcers occur when there is more than one condition causing damage. For example, if the poor arterial circulation of a leg has a venous ulcer, it requires arterial surgery to improve the blood supply.

What are the SYMPTOMS?
How will I be TREATED?

Remember that a leg ulcer is like another wound: it has to heal up in one or two weeks . If this doesn’t take place in your case, see your doctor. Addressing the problem earlier makes the treatment less complicated with better final results. Never watch for a month to seek advice from a specialist! Otherwise, the treatment can become complex and the final results will be less satisfactory. As professionals in treating leg ulcers of vascular disorders, we use diverse techniques.

The mainstay of curing venous ulcer is relieving excessive strain inside the vein with ulcer

Elevation of the leg. Put your legs up each time you can. Elevate your mattress (approximately 15 cm) so that once in bed, your toes/feet are raised higher than your head.

Use compression bandaging or stockings to hold the leg vein pressure at normal. Once the ulcer is healed, compression stockings are typically important to prevent the ulcer from returning.

Wound dressings. Each time you get a dressing change, appropriate dressings might be applied. Their preference relies upon the section of wound healing, therefore, dressings might vary from time to time.

Surgery. In a few instances an appropriate operation can be the cure. In the ulcer associated with superficial venous disease, varicose vein surgical treatment is required. Another option is to do grafting at the ulcer. In arterial ulcers, the intention is to ensure sufficient blood flow to the foot. This can be done with arterial bypass surgical treatment (putting a graft) or balloon angioplasty .

Occasionally, antibiotic remedy can be important to control an ulcer, in particular if there are symptoms and symptoms of contamination of the area.

The control of combined ulcers can be more complex.

How long will the ulcer take to HEAL?

Chronic venous insufficiency usually takes years to cause the ulcer, so the ulcer may take a longer to heal. Although most of the venous ulcers heal within 3 months.

Is there any RISK of losing my leg?

It is extremely rare that leg amputation occurs due to venous ulcers because even large ulcers can be successfully treated.

An arterial ulcer heals easily, if the procedure is possible to increase blood flow to the foot. In very rare cases, arterial ulcers may lead to leg amputation.

Diabetic individuals with ulcers like neuropathic, neuroischaemic and ischaemic require immediate attention and care.

What Can I Do To Help Myself?
  • Quit smoking
  • Take healthy diet
  • Exercise aerobically on regular basis
  • Wear surgical stockings as per your physician has recommendations
  • Avoid tight clothing and uncomfortable footwears
  • Have careful check on skin of your legs
How can I STOP the ulcer from returning?
Book Appointment